宁夏银川一中2012年二模拟考试英语试题答案(4)

作者:http://www.gaokw.com 时间:2012-05-02 来源:高考资料网

   D. the Weintraub Observatory is not open to visitors during the day.

D
Moral science is taught as a subject in most schools but with little effect. Perhaps part of the problem lies in the fact that morality is not a science, strictly speaking. It is too much of a social phenomenon, and also has too much of the personal and subjective things mixed within. Besides, morality itself changes with generations. So it is impossible to be defined in a textbook.
I remember sitting through forty minutes of moral lessons, which told stories about little children who never told lies and were rewarded for their goodness. It had little effect and left no impression on me, though.
If moral science has to be taught as a subject in schools, it needs a participatory(参与其中的) approach. When you tell a child about morals, you also have to deal with social norms(规范)and cultural differences. You have to explain that morality can be subjective, and be able to co-exist in society. You will probably have to refer to the morals of the present time. 高考网wWw.GaoKw.cOm

The best way to tell a child how to live is to show him what is valued. If a child likes his friend, you have to make the child think about why. Once the child notices and recognizes goodness in others, he or she is likely to develop it as well.
In fact, children learn most of their morals by watching people around them. They absorb behavior patterns from teachers and older students. They watch to see what is rewarded and who is punished. They learn on the sports field and through social work. Moral science lessons should simply consist of letting them live and interact, and watch you support correct values and reward good behavior.
67.Which is NOT the reason that moral science is taught in schools but with little effect?
A. Morality doesn’t strictly belong to a science
B. Morality is more like a social phenomenon.
C. Different generations have different moral ideas.
D. Morality can’t be written down in textbooks.
68. The author describes his own experience of having moral lessons in order to _____. 高考网Www.gaoKw.CoM

   A. explain telling lies is not moral for little children.
   B. advise people should be rewarded for their goodness.
   C. prove moral lessons in schools have little effect.
   D. show he has no opinions about moral science.
69. When you tell a child about morals, you should________.
   A. teach him to share personal moral ideas with others
   B. tell him about social norms and cultural differences
   C. explain that nobody can influence his moral ideas.
   D. say that the present morals are likely to be changed.
70.What is the last paragraph mainly about?
   A. The best way of teaching children about morals.
   B. The value of teachers’ setting a good example
   C. The influence of people’s behavior on morals.
   D. The importance of rewarding good behavior.

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)

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根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项
In many parts of the world, cars play an important role in daily life and many societies would not exist without them.  71  But this is the prediction made by a team of transport researchers who are taken seriously, not only by government but also by car manufacturers.
The Human Science and Advanced Technology Institute at Loughborough in the UK is part of an international research program.  72  That will mean much saving, no accidents and better use of roads. The super-intelligent car in the future will drive itself.  73  Instead, we will have a choice of cars and change them as frequently as we change our clothing.
According to Dr. David Davis, who leads the research team, these predictions are based on the rising cost of the car culture, which had blocked up our cities, polluted our air, and caused more deaths than both world wars put together.
Davis says, cars will be fitted with some intelligent devices(装置) to regulate(调节) the distance between one car and another.  74  computers are much safer drivers than people, so cars in a road train will be able to drive much closer together than cars driven by people. 高考网Www.gaoKw.CoM

   By 2010, Dr. David Davis believes, car technology will give motorists a clear view of the road, whatever the weather conditions, by projecting an image of the road ahead on to the car’s windscreen.  75  Cars will be connected by an electronic tow bar to the car in front to form “road-trains”. “The front vehicle in such a train burns the normal amount.”says Davis. “but all the others in the train would burn about ten percent of the normal amount,  and so produce about ten percent of the pollution.”
   
A. The team there believes that by 2030 all cars will be computerized.
B. They believe that cars will become more important in 20 years.
C. And it will not be owned by one individual.
D. And by 2030, cars will travel in line, linked to each other electronically.
E. So the idea that in 20 years’ time, no one will own cars may be hard to believe.
F. Every driver will use less fuel in the car he owns. 高考网wWw.GaoKw.cOm

G. The car will automatically speed up, or slow down, to match the speed of the car in front.


第二卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(10分)
下面短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I think that travelling is a good way to learning about the world. And I like very much. There are many kinds of transport to choose of when travelling. We may neither take a plane, a train, a bus, a car, a bike, a ship or even take a trip on feet. As for me, I prefer to ride a bike. There are a good many advantages of travelling by a bike. I suppose it is not only cheaply, but also help us take exercise. Compare with other forms of transport, riding a bike causes little pollution, and is better for the environment.

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第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是中学生李华,你在学校食堂就餐的过程中,发现学生浪费饭菜的行为十分严重,你深感痛心和羞愧。请给校长写一封信。
1.说明写信的目的;
2.对这些行为进行批评;
3.提出切实可行的建议。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Mr. Headmaster,
I’m Li Hua, a student from Senior Three. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 高考网WWw.gAoKw.coM

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