山西康杰中学2013二模英语试题答案(4)

来源:未知 发布时间:2013-05-14 08:05:02 整理:一品高考网

63. The main purpose of the first paragraph is to       .
A. show that language misunderstandings would cause big problems
B. show the differences between British and American English
C. explain in general what cultural misunderstandings are
D. introduce the idea of cultural misunderstandings with a story
64. The underlined word “resolved” probably means       .
A. complicated B. settled  C. accepted D. noticed
65. We can learn from the passage that cultural misunderstandings      .
A. mostly come from body language
B. are the most serious social problem in the US
C. can cause negative feelings among people
D. can be cleared up with laughter
66. What is the author’s opinion about cultural misunderstandings?
A. There’s no need to notice racial differences.
B. Haitians prefer to be described as fair or brown.
C. Cultural misunderstandings based on racial categories may be difficult to spot.
D. Americans are especially likely to misunderstand people from other cultures.
D
Trying to make a big decision while you’re also preparing for a scary presentation? You might want to hold off on that. Feeling stressed changes how people weigh risk and reward. However, an article published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests stressed people pay more attention to the positive sides of a possible outcome.
It’s a bit surprising that stress makes people focus on the way things could go right, says Mara Mather of the University of Southern California. She co-wrote the review paper with Nichole R.Lighthall. “This is sort of not what people would think, ” Mather says. “Stress is usually associated with negative experiences, so you’d think, maybe I’m going to be more focused on the negative outcomes.”
But researchers have found that when people are under stress, they start paying more attention to positive information and discounting negative information. “Stress seems to help people learn from positive feedback and impairs(削弱)their learning from negative feedback, ” Mather says.
When people under stress are making a difficult decision, they may pay more attention to the good sides of the alternatives they’re considering and less to the problems. So someone who’s deciding whether to take a new job and is feeling stressed by the decision might focus on the increase in salary more than the longer commute(上下班往返).
The increased focus on the positives also helps explain why stress plays a role in addictions. People under stress have a harder time controlling their urges. “The compulsion to get that reward comes stronger and they’re less able to resist it,” Mather says. A person who’s under stress might think only about the good feelings they’ll get from a drug, while the downsides shrink into the distance.
Stress also increases the differences in how men and women think about risk. When men are under stress, they become even more willing to take risks; when women are stressed, they get more conservative(保守的). Previous research backs this up — men usually react to difficulties while trying to fight them or escape them; women try to find friends and improve their relationships.
67. By saying “You might want to hold off on that” in the first paragraph, the writer suggests that      .
A. you might want to delay making your big decision
B. you should save the presentation for later
C. you should avoid taking risks
D. you might benefit from the stress
68. From the article, we can conclude that stress       .
A. often leads people to take more risks
B. often leads people to make balanced decisions
C. makes people think more of negative results
D. makes people ignore the negative side of problems
69. Which of the following is TRUE according to the article?
A. Stress is helpful in getting rid of addictions.
B. People who are addicted to drugs are easily stressed.
C. When women are stressed, they do not tend to take risks.
D. When men are stressed, they are more likely to develop an addiction.
70. What is the central theme of the article?
A. Stress can affect decision-making.
B. Stress increases our desire to get rewards.
C. We should think more about the upside of problems.
D. There is a link between stress and negative experiences.
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Four Habits to Help You Succeed
We all want to succeed, whether it’s in losing weight or learning the guitar. For those who have tried and failed, success seems difficult to understand. Why does one person succeed where another person fails?   71 
Identify your core values
Finding your core values is in line with creating inner motivation.   72   Pick a handful of things and actually write them down. Remind yourself of your values every day, and reflect on whether you are honoring those values through your work.
Pick a goal and focus on it
Choose one goal to start something large enough that will give you a sense of accomplishment, while adjusting well to your core values. Focus is key here.   73   If you perform many tasks at a time, you might never complete your projects because they will take far too long.
Set a deadline for success
Set a date for success. Identify when you hope to achieve your goal.   74   By setting a time limit, you are making the process more real.
   75

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