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2011年高水平大学自主选拔学业能力测试英语样题及答案

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2011年高水平大学自主选拔学业能力测试英语样题及答案
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 阅读与写作 (第二部分)

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  Section I Reading

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  In the following article, some sentences or paragraphs have been removed. Forquestions 1 to 5, choose the most suitable one from the list A-F to fit into each of thenumbered gaps. There is ONE which does not fit in any of the gaps.

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  Most of the people who appear most often and most gloriously in the history books are great conquerors and generals, whereas the people who really helped civilization forward are often never mentioned at all. We do not know who first set a broken leg, or launched a seagoing boat, or calculated the length of the year? but we know all about the killers and destroyers. People think a great deal of them, so much so that on all the highest pillars in the great cities of the world you will find the figure of a conqueror or a general. 1. 织梦内容管理系统

  It is just possible they are, but they are not the most civilized. Animals fight? So do savages? hence to be good at fighting is to be good in the way in which an animal or a savage is good, but it is not to be civilized. 2. People fight to settle quarrels. Fighting means killing, and civilized peoples ought to be able to find some way of settling their disputes other than by seeing which side can kill off the greater number of the other side, and then saying that that side which has killed most has won. copyright dedecms

  3. 内容来自dedecms

  That is what the story of mankind has on the whole been like. Even our own age has fought the two greatest wars in history, in which millions of people were killed. And while today it is true that people do not fight and kill each other in the streets, nations and countries have not learnt to do this yet, and still behave like savages. dedecms.com

  But we must not expect too much. After all, the race of men has only just started. From the point of view of evolution, human beings are very young children indeed, babies, in fact, of a few months old. 4. These figures are difficult to grasp? so let us scale them down. Suppose that we reckon the whole past of living creatures on the earth as one hundred years? then the whole past of man works out at about one month, and during that month there have been civilizations for between seven and eight hours.

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  5. Taking man’s civilized past at about seven or eight hours, we may estimate his future at about one hundred thousand years. Thus mankind is only at the beginning of its civilized life, and as I say, we must not expect too much. The past of man has been on the whole a pretty beastly business, a business of fighting and killing.

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  We must not expect even civilized peoples not to have done these things. All we can ask is that they will sometimes have done something else.

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  [A] Even being good at getting other people to fight for you and telling them how to do it most efficiently- this, after all, is what conquerors and generals have done- is not being civilized. 织梦内容管理系统

  [B] And I think most people believe that the greatest countries are those that have beaten in battle the greatest number of other countries and ruled over them as conquerors. 内容来自dedecms

  [C] We have got to the stage of keeping the rules and behaving properly in daily life. However, every year conflicts between countries and nations are still claiming thousands of lives. 织梦好,好织梦

  [D] And not only has won, but, because it has won, has been in the right. For that is what going to war means? it means saying that might is right. copyright dedecms

  [E] So you see there has been little time to learn in, but there will be oceans of time in which to learn better.

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  [F] Scientists reckon that there has been life of some sort on the earth in the form of jellyfish and that kind of creature for about twelve hundred million years? but there have been men for only one million years, and there have been civilized men for about eight thousand years at the outside.

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Section II Writing 织梦好,好织梦

  Part A 织梦内容管理系统

  6.Translate the following text into English. 内容来自dedecms

  有人说成功取决于性格,但我认为什么性格都可能成功,关键是要分析自己的实际,做自己喜欢并擅长的事。这样,你才会坚持,不畏艰难,不轻易改变方向。这时,成功离你就不远了。 copyright dedecms

  Part B 本文来自织梦

  7. Write an essay of 150 words in English, which is relevant to the idea conveyed in the Chinese text in Part A of this section.

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  参考答案

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  Section I Reading 本文来自织梦

  1. B 2.A 3. D 4. F 5. E

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  Section II Writing

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  Part A

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  6. Some people say that one’s success is determined by his personality. But I believe that one can succeed regardless of the type of person he is. The key to success is, first of all, to know yourself well and then find something you both like to do and are good at doing. In that case you will most likely hold on to the thing without giving in to any difficulties. If you stick to it without changing the direction, you will not be far away from success. 本文来自织梦

  Part B

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